New Delhi: As the country gears up to experience the first-ever 5G services from October this year, the real test for the telecom industry is building a robust 5G infrastructure – from towers to radio access networks – and to ensure an uninterrupted and transparent service. live.
IT Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw expects telecom operators to invest Rs 2-3 lakh crore on 5G and 4G over the next two years for better voice quality and high-speed data .
The task is colossal and requires the rapid participation of all stakeholders, so that people in all regions of the country can benefit from the same level of 5G services.
The harsh truth is that even today, several places across the country lack access to a true 4G experience amid frequent signal dropouts.
5G radio access networks, based on the New Radio (NR) standard, offer new levels of capacity, peak data rates and low latency – with the ability to deliver data rates in the tens of megabits per second to tens of thousands of users at the same time.
According to an Ericsson article on 5G, these networks help operators demonstrate technology and performance leadership, as well as cost-effectively meet the growing demand for mobile traffic by delivering new levels of profitability ( including spectrum efficiency and current asset sharing).
TR Dua, chief executive of the Digital Infrastructure Providers Association (DIPA), told IANS that the current capacity per tower site is around 1Gbps for 2G/3G/4G services.
“Once 5G is launched, the capacity needed for each site will increase to 10-20 Gbps, which will require a fundamental change in the technology deployed at these tower sites,” Dua told IANS.
Since 5G infrastructure guarantees a dense network, it is important to consider the needs and prerequisites of the infrastructure before doing any type of pilot and deployment.
“The densification of the 5G network will involve the deployment of small cell infrastructures on residential and public infrastructures. To serve a highly populated or densely populated area, it is important to take advantage of any available infrastructure space where the 5G small cell or low power base transceiver station (LPBTS), which is presented to serve of ‘gNodeB’, can be installed,’ he informed.
The “gNodeB” is a compliant implementation of the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) of the 5G-NR base station. 3GPP is an umbrella term for standards organizations that develop protocols for mobile telecommunications globally.
5G will enable enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) services and create huge potential for new value-added wireless services through a wide range of new use cases, such as Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) ) fiber-equivalents, massive Internet of Things (IoT) services and mission-critical IoT – enabling new applications in automotive, manufacturing, energy and utilities, and healthcare, among others.
Unlike previous generations of radio access network (RAN) standards, which were deployed as standalone networks, 5G NR is designed from the ground up to fully interoperate with existing 4G LTE networks.
While this provides a high degree of continuity and a seamless experience for users, “it also requires careful planning to minimize risk to existing services.”
“We recently demonstrated how 5G can help companies automate manufacturing using private 5G networks. Recently, Bharti Airtel presented two industrial-grade use cases using a test spectrum for quality improvement and operational efficiency in the Bosch manufacturing plant,” Nitin Bansal told IANS. , MD, India Head-Networks, Market Area South East Asia, Oceania and India, Ericsson.
“In both use cases, 5G technology such as eMBB and ultra-low latency communication supported automated operations, ensuring faster scaling and reduced downtime,” Bansal added.
To ensure the smooth introduction of 5G, operators need to look to the future and identify the deployment approach that best utilizes existing investments and best supports their own business strategies.
According to Dua, public infrastructure such as government buildings, street poles and vestibules of bus stops, etc. are often located in places easily accessible to the public.
“This coverage can only be provided if public infrastructure is used and has the required fiber optic cable (OFC) connectivity to the backbone network to small cell connectivity via the OFC backhaul,” said he explained.
In addition, policy reforms such as expanding the scope of Category I infrastructure providers (IP-I), streamlining taxes and fees (property taxes and administration fees), securing infrastructure carriers, one-stop customs clearance and availability of government land/buildings would provide a tremendous boost to the telecom industry in its quest for a successful nationwide 5G rollout, industry experts said.