With 5G on the anvil, the telecom sector will transform


By the end of 2027, 5G should cover 40% of mobile subscriptions in India, or 500 million users.

New Delhi: On July 26, the Ministry of Telecom launched a 5G spectrum auction. The electromagnetic spectrum is one of the most valuable resources in digital telecommunications. Reliance Jio, Airtel, Vodafone Idea and newcomer Adani Data Networks are in the race to buy the available 72 GHz (gigahertz) of 5G waves, worth around Rs 4.3 lakh crore.
After five rounds of bidding, Telecoms Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw said there was good competition between the companies to land all the bands on offer. According to experts, 5G services will be rolled out in a few months. “It will target cities first and then 5G will move to the rest of the country,” said Manish Rawat, market analyst at Strategy Analytics. Market experts also believe that recurring problems like network congestion will be resolved after the full deployment of the 5G network. “Soon, mobile devices will be transformed and a faster and more transparent system will be integrated to enable instant communication. It has been a real problem in India for years to deal with network congestion, but with 5G it can be solved,” Rawat said.
Analysts hope for prospects of 5G technology. According to a report by Swedish telecommunications giant Ericsson, by the end of 2027, 5G should cover 40% of mobile subscriptions in India, or 500 million users. On average, these users will consume 50 GB of data per month.
The lab study conducted by telecom operators revealed that there is significant consumer interest in 5G adoption in India. “Forty million smartphone users could adopt 5G in its first year of availability,” the report read. 5G will also enable service providers to launch new services for consumers, including home broadband (5G FWA), enhanced video, multiplayer mobile games, and AR/VR services. Consumers expect service providers to offer packages with service bundling and data sharing. “5G is expected to trigger a new wave of entrepreneurial and innovative activity. 5G will clear that up very quickly, but we’ll find out sooner rather than later. There will be a significant inflection point when commercial availability becomes possible,” said one expert.
There were some limitations in the 4G network, which the next generation 5G will eliminate. In 4G, 10,000 people per square kilometer will be able to be connected, but 5G will be able to connect more than 2 million people in one square kilometer. “5G may be responsible for making intelligence hardware that can be used in healthcare, robotics, defense, etc. The most important feature that 5G can offer is remote medical surgery which can be used mainly in rural areas and India has had such a problem for a long time,” reads a report from the International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology.
5G is not only a game-changer for India, but the whole world will benefit from this technology. According to estimates published in an Informa Tech research paper, 5G technology could be responsible for 22.3 million jobs and $13.2 trillion in global economic output by 2035. South Korea, China and the United States is leading the race to roll out 5G. But some other parts of the world are still working on rolling out the next-gen technology. “5G has not yet been launched in all parts of the world. To stay competitive, countries are adopting 5G technology, which has resulted in different strategies, as most of the global networks are built using the midband 5G. The United States has used a mix of all three bands, and countries in Asia have gone for mid-band technology, while some countries are moving to 4G so they can use free spectrum,” Manish said. Rawat: The implementation process has been long in some countries — more than two years. It may take a few years for all the implementations to be completed in India, but 5G promises a bright future.

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